Dhaka, Banglaesh || Friday, 28 January 2022 || 13 Magh 1428
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Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at a glance
Staff Reporter
Published : Monday, 27 September, 2021 at 10:44 PM, Count : 129

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at a glance

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at a glance

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. Today is her 75th happy birthday. She has been in power for the longest time among the world's women heads of government with leadership strength. In nearly 18 years in four terms, She has taken Bangladesh to a unique height.
That was in 1996. Sheikh Hasina was sworn in as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh for the first time on June 23 that year when she won the seventh parliamentary election and formed the Awami League government. Sheikh Hasina was then sworn in as prime minister for the second time on January 6, 2009 after the victory of the Awami League-led grand alliance in the ninth parliamentary election held in 2008. Sheikh Hasina was sworn in as prime minister for the second time in a row and for the third time in a row on January 12 of the same year when the Awami League-led grand alliance again won an absolute majority in the January 5, 2014 elections.

Sheikh Hasina was last sworn in as prime minister for the fourth time on December 30, 2018 in a landslide victory for the Awami League-led grand alliance in the 11th parliamentary elections. In the 2001 general election, his party, the Awami League, was defeated by a conspiracy by the then caretaker government. She was elected leader of the opposition. In 2006, when the BNP-Jamaat government created complications in the transfer of power, the military-backed caretaker government took power. After nearly two years in power, the government organized the 9th Parliamentary elections on December 29, 2008. In the elections, the Bangladesh Awami League-led grand alliance won an absolute majority. She was elected as a Member of Parliament from 3 parliamentary seats in the 1986 general elections. She served as the leader of the opposition and played a leading role in establishing democracy in the country. It was only after this election that the constitutional process started by withdrawing martial law from the country. She led the historic mass movement of the nineties and the Ershad government was forced to resign on December 6, 1990 in the face of the agitation. She was elected leader of the opposition in the fifth national assembly in the 1991 parliamentary elections. She organized all, including political parties, to change the system of president-ruled government and reintroduce the parliamentary government system. In 1996, he formed a mass movement against the BNP's voterless elections. In the face of the agitation, the then Khaleda Zia's government was forced to resign on March 30.

Sheikh Hasina was elected as a Member of Parliament from 3 parliamentary seats in the 1986 general elections. She served as the leader of the opposition and played a leading role in establishing democracy in the country. It was only after this election that the constitutional process started by withdrawing martial law from the country. She led the historic mass movement of the nineties and the Ershad government was forced to resign on December 6, 1990 in the face of the agitation. She was elected leader of the opposition in the fifth national assembly in the 1991 parliamentary elections. She organized all, including political parties, to change the system of president-ruled government and reintroduce the parliamentary government system. In 1996, She formed a mass movement against the BNP's voterless elections. In the face of the agitation, the then Khaleda Zia's government was forced to resign on March 30.

Sheikh Hasina has always been uncompromising in combating fundamentalism, militancy and terrorism. In 2009, her government, taking over the administration of the government, enacted a law to set up an international criminal tribunal to try crimes against humanity committed in 1971. The tribunal set up under the act initiated the trial of war criminals and the verdict is also being implemented.  She is the eldest of the 5 children of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Begum Fazilatunnesa Mujib. She was born on September 28, 1947 at Tungipara in Gopalganj district. She graduated from Dhaka University in 1973. She was vice-president of the Students' Union of the Government Intermediate Girls College, contesting as a candidate for the Bangladesh Students League. She was general secretary of this college branch student league and president the following year.

Sheikh Hasina was a member of dhaka university students league and general secretary of rokeya hall branch of student league. Sheikh Hasina actively participated in all the mass movements since her student days.  On August 15, 1975, the father of the nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, was brutally killed along with most of the family members. She and her younger sister Sheikh Rehana survived being in West Germany at the time. He later stayed in India for six years in political asylum.  Sheikh Hasina started an anti-dictatorship movement from England in 1980. In 1981, in the absence of Sheikh Hasina, She was unanimously elected president of the Bangladesh Awami League. She returned home on May 17, 1981 after six years in exile.

In 1981, soon after returning home and fighting to restore democracy, Sheikh Hasina fell into the throne of the ruling group. She was repeatedly imprisoned. At least 19 armed attacks were carried out to kill her. On February 15, 1983, She was detained by the military government and imprisoned for 15 days. She was twice house-locked in February and November 1984. On March 2, 1985, She was detained and kept under house arrest for nearly three months. She had been under house arrest for 15 days since October 15, 1986. On November 11, 1987, she was arrested and imprisoned for a month. She was arrested and put under house arrest on February 27, 1989. 
On July 16, 2007, the military-backed caretaker government arrested Sheikh Hasina and sent her to sub-jail in the Parliament House premises. She was released on June 11, 2008, nearly a year later.  Among the notable attacks to kill her was the police firing targeting her during the Secretariat siege programme on November 10, 1987. Youth League leaders Noor Hossain, Babul and Fattah were killed. An attempt was made to pick up his car with him in front of the National Press Club with a crane. On January 24, 1988, police forces of the Ershad government resorted to lathicharge and firing at Sheikh Hasina in front of the Chittagong Court Building. Sheikh Hasina was unhurt but 30 Awami League leaders were martyred. She was shot twice at while addressing laldighi maidan. She was shot at his car again on his way back after the public meeting.

After the formation of the BNP government in 1991, Sheikh Hasina was repeatedly attacked for murder. On September 11, 1991, she was shot at during the by-election to the National Assembly. In 1994, there was continuous firing at Ishwardi railway station targeting his room. In 2000, two bombs weighing 76 kg and 84 kg were placed on the helipad in Kotalipara and at sheikh hasina's public meeting place. She survived as the bombs were detected before she arrived. The deadliest attack during the BNP government was on August 21, 2004. Soon after she finished speaking at a public meeting on Bangabandhu Avenue that day, more than a dozen Arges grenades were fired at her. She was saved in the thrilling attack but 22 of her party leaders, including Ivy Rahman, were killed and more than 500 people were injured. She herself suffered a ear injury.

Ignoring the odds, including hundreds of obstacles and threats of murder, Sheikh Hasina continued to struggle steadfastly to get rice-vote and the fundamental rights of the common man. Under his leadership, the people of Bangladesh have achieved democracy and freedom of speech. Bangladesh has got the status of a low-middle income country. Sheikh Hasina's immense sacrifice has enabled Bangladesh to stand high on the world today.  During her reign, the country made unprecedented progress in the socio-economic sector.
Several universities and institutions around the world awarded Sheikh Hasina various degrees and awards for her outstanding contribution to peace, institutionalization of democracy and socio-economic development. She was awarded honorary doctorate degrees by Boston University in the United States, Bridgeport University and Barry University, Waseda University in Japan, Abarte University in Scotland, Viswa Bharati and Tripura University in India, National University of Australia, World Famous Catholic University in Brussels, People's Friendship University in Russia and State University of Petersburg, Dhaka University and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University.

She was also awarded a diploma by The University of Daofi in France. She has been honoured by various organizations around the world for her outstanding contribution to social activities, peace and stability. In 1998, UNESCO awarded Sheikh Hasina the 'Hoope-Boani' Peace Prize for her outstanding contribution to ending the 25-year-long civil war in chittagong. On April 9, 2000, The McOn Women's College, a United States runlap for its bravery and foresight in political, economic and human rights, awarded the prestigious "Pearl S. Buck '99". The Un World Food Programme presented Sheikh Hasina with the prestigious 'Sares' medal in recognition of the contribution of the movement against hunger.

The All India Shanti Sangh awarded Sheikh Hasina the 'Mother Teresa' medal in 1998. In 1998, the International Rotary Foundation awarded her the Paul Herris (Paul Haris) Fellowship. She was awarded the Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Memorial Medal by the West Bengal All India Congress in 1997. She won the "Medal of Distinction" medal by the International Lions Club in 1996-1997 and the "Head of State" medal in 1996-1997.

In 2009, the Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust of India awarded the Indira Gandhi Award to Sheikh Hasina for her outstanding role in establishing peace and democracy. She was also awarded the Uk Global Diversity Award and the South South Award twice. In 2014, UNESCO awarded her the Regional Leadership Award and the Global South Development Expo-2014 Visionary Award for women's empowerment by the Women in Parliaments Global Forum in 2014.

She was awarded the Certificate of Honor in 2015 by Cornell University in the United States for his continued support for the development of Agriculture in Bangladesh, for his seriousness in food production and his contribution to the development of science and technology. The United Nations Environment Development Programme has awarded Sheikh Hasina its highest award of 'Champion of the Earth-2015' in the leadership category for her outstanding contribution to environment and sustainable development at the country and international level. In addition, International Telecommunication Union (ITU) awarded ICTs in Sustainable Development Award-2015 to Sheikh Hasina for implementation of sustainable digital programmes.
Sheikh Hasina is the author of several books. Among them, Sheikh Mujib is my father, why are they Tokai?, Birth of dictatorship in Bangladesh, Poverty alleviation, Some thoughts, My dreams, My struggle, We have come to talk about the people, Militarism vs democracy, Black and White, Across the green field and Miles to Go, The Quest for Vision-2021 (two volumes).  Sheikh Hasina is the president of the 'Father of the Nation Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Memorial Trust'. She has a special interest in technology, cooking, music and reading books. Her husband, internationally renowned nuclear scientist Dr. M. A Wazed Mia, died on May 9, 2009. Her son Sajeeb Wazed Joy  is an IT expert. His only daughter Saima Wazed Hossain, also known as Putul is a psychologist and works for the welfare of autistic children. Sheikh Hasina has 7 grandchildren.

Source :  Office website Prime Minister.





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